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How to import the VCSA certificate for VMware vSphere

Monday, September 18, 2017 - Posted by Keith A. Smith, in VMware, Microsoft

How to import the VCSA certificate so VMware vSphere browser security warnings go away in Windows 10

  1. Open the Edge or google chrome Brower, type in the FQDN for your VCSA 6.5 then press enter, when warned, click 'Details'.
  2. Bypass the security warning in order to proceed to the Getting Started page of the VCSA
  3. Click on 'Download trusted root CA certificates' on the right to download the zip file which contains the certs
  4. Navigate to the zip file location, extract the contents of the zip. Open the folder downloads folder then go into certs
  5. The certs vary by what OS you are using so choose the right folder then double-click 'filename.0.crt' (your exact filename will vary)
  6. Click 'Install Certificate' and choose local machine (Note: If you get any prompts click yes to proceed)
  7. On the certificate store screen choose place all certifications in the following store and click browse
  8. Select 'Trusted Root Certification Authorities' then click 'OK'
  9. Click next and then finish then ok.

Now to test it close the browser then visit the  FQDN for your VCSA 6.5 you should see the green pad lock now and shouldn’t see the security warning any longer.


-End
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August Cumulative updates for Windows 10 (1607 and 1703) Dell machines

Friday, August 18, 2017 - Posted by Keith A. Smith, in Microsoft

Just wanted to leave a little note that the August Cumulative updates for Windows 10 (1607 and 1703) caused us to experience BSOD on our Dell AIO 9030 machines.

Using WinDbg I was able to identify that the Intel Wireless 7260 driver was responsible for the crashes.

The only thing I can think is that there were some security updates to the KMDF included in the August updates. Pair that with the fact that the Driver Catalog CAB provided by Dell included a really old wireless driver (from 2015) and the result was BSOD reporting:
BAD_POOL_HEADER (19)
Upgrading to the latest wireless driver directly from Intel version:
18.33.7.2 https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/network-and-i-o/wireless-networking/000006024.html

Resolved the issues.

Hope this saves someone some time.

-End
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Applying a “Defense-in-Depth” Strategy

Monday, May 22, 2017 - Posted by Keith A. Smith, in Network, VMware, Microsoft, Linux, Security

IT Teams and Staff can effectively maintain physical and information security with a “defense-in-depth” approach that addresses both internal and external threats. Defense-in-depth is based on the idea that any one point of protection may, and probably will, be defeated. This approach uses three different types of layers (physical, electronic, and procedural) and applies appropriate controls to address different risks that might arise in each.
 
The same concept works for both physical and network security. Multiple layers of network security can protect networked assets, data and end points, just as multiple layers of physical security can protect high-value physical assets. With a defense-in-depth approach:  

System security is purposely designed into the infrastructure from the beginning. Attackers are faced with multiple hurdles to overcome if they want to successfully break through or bypass the entire system. 
A weakness or flaw in one layer can be protected by strength, capabilities or new variable introduced through other security layers. 

Typical defense-in-depth approaches involve six areas: physical, network, computer, application, device and staff education.

1. Physical Security – It seems obvious that physical security would be an important layer in a defense-in-depth strategy, but don’t take it for granted. Guards, gates, locks, port block-outs, and key cards all help keep people away from systems that shouldn’t touch or alter. In addition, the lines between the physical security systems and information systems are blurring as physical access can be tied to information access. 

2. Network Security – An essential part of information fabric is network security and should be equipped with firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS/IPS), and general networking equipment such as switches and routers configured with their security features enabled. Zones establish domains of trust for security access and smaller virtual local area networks (VLANs) to shape and manage network traffic. A demilitarized zone between public resources and the internal or trusted resources allows data and services to be shared securely. 

3. Computer Hardening – Well known (and published) software vulnerabilities are the number one way that intruders gain access to automation systems. Examples of Computer Hardening include the use of: 
Antivirus software
Application whitelisting
Host intrusion-detection systems (HIDS) and other endpoint security solutions
Removal of unused applications, protocols and services
Closing unnecessary ports

Software patching practices can work in concert with these hardening techniques to help further address computer risks that are susceptible to malware cyber risks including viruses and Trojans etc.

Follow these guidelines to help reduce risk:
Disable software automatic updating services on PCs
Inventory target computers for applications, and software versions and revisions
Subscribe to and monitor vendor patch qualification services for patch compatibility
Obtain product patches and software upgrades directly from the vendor
Pre-test all patches on non-operational, non-mission critical systems
Schedule the application of patches and upgrades and plan for contingencies 

4. Application Security  – This refers infusing system applications with good security practices, such as a Role Based Access Control System,Multi-factor authentication (MFA) also known as (also known as 2FA) where ever possible which locks down access to critical process functions, force username/password logins, combinations, Multi-factor authentication (MFA) also known as (also known as 2FA) where ever possible and etc. 

5. Device Hardening – Changing the default configuration of an embedded device out-of-the-box can make it more secure. The default security settings of PLCs, PACs, routers, switches, firewalls and other embedded devices will differ based on class and type, which subsequently changes the amount of work required to harden a particular device. But remember, a chain is only as strong as its weakest link. 

6. Staff Education - Last but not least it’s important to talk to staff about keeping clean machine, the organization should have clear rules for what employees can install and keep on their work computers.  Make sure they understand and abide by these rules. Following good password practices is important a strong password is a phrase that is at least 12 characters long. Employees should be encouraged to keep an eye out and say something if they notice strange happenings on their computer.  


Educating Employees at least once a year is important
Training employees is a critical element of security. They need to understand the value of protecting customer and colleague information and their role in keeping it safe. They also need a basic grounding in other risks and how to make good judgments online.

Most importantly, they need to know the policies and practices you expect them to follow in the workplace regarding Internet safety.


-End

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Windows Update MiniTool is a free alternative to windows update

Tuesday, November 01, 2016 - Posted by Keith A. Smith, in Microsoft

Windows Update MiniTool is a free alternative to the standard Windows Update, it puts you in control of updates by allowing you to search, install and block Windows updates as you please.

Windows Update MiniTool Will provide the follow options:

Check for updates
Download updates
Installing Updates
Deleting installed updates
Hiding unwanted updates
Get direct links to the *.cab / *.Exe / *.Psf update files
View update history
Configure Automatic Updates
This tool is like the external powershell module PSWindowsUpdate, but much more advanced and user-friendly features
The tool relies and use same WU infrastructure, all downloading are through WU -- it's not a downloader!

I have tested this on server 2016 along with windows 10 and it works great.




It can be downloaded from here http://www.keithit.com/downloads/wumt.zip


-End
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Must have GPOs for Windows 10

Tuesday, September 27, 2016 - Posted by Keith A. Smith, in Microsoft

I started testing Windows 10 Enterprise in my environment. I know there are a number of new features in Windows 10 that aren't great for domains (PIN codes, Microsoft Accounts, etc.). After digging through all the GPO settings, I decided on the on the following. Once the modification was made and applied to the test machines, I brought in a few non-IT staff for UAT testing of the images. Everything went well, so I decided to share the settings I used in the GPO


  • lock Microsoft Accounts from being added or logging in (will not prevent accessing the Windows Store)
  • Force default lock screen and disable Spotlight
  • Disable WiFi Sense
  • Enable Virtualization Based Security with Secure Boot and DMA Protection only Credential Guard enabled with UEFI lock (NOTE: This will install the Hyper-V Hypervisor, with will cause VMware Workstation to stop working)
  • Disable first sign-in animation
  • Disable advertising ID
  • Configure telemetry to level 0 - Enterprise Only
  • Disable access to pre-release features
  • Disable feedback notifications
  • Disable access to insider builds
  • Disable Cortana
  • Disable Defender
  • Disable Windows Hello
  • Disable lock screen (the swipe up thing)
  • Disable 3rd party advertisements in Windows Spotlight
  • Disable picture and PIN password sign-in
And last but not least is setting explorer's default to This PC instead of Quick Access by doing the following:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced

Value Name: LaunchTo

Type: DWORD

Value: 1


-End


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